osteoarthritis causes and treatment

Osteoarthritis causes

The most prevalent type of arthritis affecting many people worldwide is osteoarthritis. It is a degenerative condition brought on by many illnesses that affect the structure and operation of one or more joints. Aging causes the protective cartilage on the bone ends to deteriorate, which leads to joint pain, swelling, and restricted motion. Additionally, inherited, developmental, mechanical, and metabolic factors might contribute to cartilage loss.

The hands, knees, hips, and spine are the main areas affected by osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis-related physical impairment lowers functional capability and quality of life, which increases morbidity.

An inflammatory condition that affects one or more joints over time, arthritis causes pain, swelling, soreness, and stiffness in the affected joints. According to Ayurveda, Vata dosha is primarily responsible for osteoarthritis, with Pitta and Kapha doshas also playing a role. When Vata is most pronounced in a person’s life stage, which is typically beyond age fifty, it affects both men and women.

Vata is dry and light in nature, and when it becomes vitiated in any of the joints, it dries up and depletes the lubricating synovial fluid. As a result, the friction causes the cartilage to erode, which causes pain and restricts joint motion.

Osteoarthritis causes

According to ayurvedic classics, osteoarthritis is a vata dosha-predominant disorder. The following are some of the causes of osteoarthritis brought on by vata vitiation.

  • Excessive consumption of food with dry properties
  • Eating too little at each meal or skipping meals frequently
  • Excessive indulgence in sexual activity
  • Staying up late and being hyperactive without getting enough sleep
  • Malnutrition and persistent indigestion
  • Excessive travel

Ayurvedic treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee focuses on eliminating gut toxins through Panchakarma, reviving the digestive Agni, and making modifications to one’s diet and lifestyle that initially vitiate Agni and Ama.

The practitioner and the patient must collaborate in order to incorporate palliative and deeper therapies into the treatment plan for osteoarthritis in order to maximise the effectiveness of the Ayurvedic approach. Although osteoarthritis cannot be cured, these medicines and treatment schemes will help patients better manage their symptoms.

The goal of osteoarthritis treatment in Ayurveda is often to lessen or completely eliminate symptoms as well as to stop or at least decrease the disease’s progression. It is crucial that the person receiving Ayurvedic treatment for joint pain be informed of the plan’s objectives and understands the potential benefits that could result from the efforts.

The following are some of the therapy methods utilized in the Ayurvedic treatment of osteoarthritis.

  • Application of medicated paste or powder: In the acute stage, medicated paste or powder may be administered externally to reduce swelling, discomfort, and burning.


  • Ghee administered orally: The first stage in Panchakarma treatment is the administration of ghee or oils infused with bitter and astringent herbs. Depending on the patient’s condition, the herbal oil or ghee is prepared.
  • Dhara: Dhara is the practise of applying warm herbal infusions, medicinal fluids, or medicated milk to the injured joints for 45 to 50 minutes. Depending on the person’s symptoms, different plants or medicinal solutions may be utilised throughout the process. In just a few hours, the technique effectively reduces oedema and pain.


  • Rasayana therapy: To revitalise and repair the Asthi (bone) dhatu, this therapy employs formulations and techniques. Rasayana therapy calls for a lengthy continuation of the Ayurvedic osteoarthritis treatment. The therapy is also administered as a component of Panchakarma therapy.